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Boarding house Murok Plus

Boarding house Marco Polo

Dolphin-de-lux

Dos Tour suggests you to visit Uzbekistan!

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Horse one-day excursion from boarding house Marco Polo

Horse campaign the Palette Kyzyl-Suu

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Home / Dos Tour suggests you to visit Uzbekistan!

Dos Tour suggests you to visit Uzbekistan!

The name: Republic Uzbekistan.

The area: 447 400 sq. km.

The population (1997: 23 860 000) persons.

Capital - Tashkent.

The basic languages: Uzbek, Russian, Tadjik.

The basic religion: Islam.

The head of the state: the president.

Legislature: unicameral Supreme assembly.

Administrative division: 12 Vilaets, 1 autonomous republic (Kara-Kalpak), 1 capital area.

Monetary unit: Sum.

Uzbekistan settles down in the Central Asia, between Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan and Turkmenistan. The most part of territory the flat. Mountains in the east prevail. A climate is continental, dry. In the north of the country one of the largest deserts of Asia, Kyzyl Kum stretched.

The population of Uzbekistan is more than 23 million persons. Now in Uzbekistan live more than 130 nations and nationalities. The national structure of the population is: Uzbeks-72%, Russian-8 %, Tadjiks-5 %, Kazakhs-4 %, Tatars-2 %, Karakalpaks-2%, Kyrgyz, Turkmens, Koreans, Uigurs, Jews, Armenians, Ukrainians and others

The republic Uzbekistan occupies extensive spaces in the middle of the Central Asia, basically, between two rivers Amu Darya and Syrdarya, five states border on it: Kyrgyzstan in the north - east, Kazakhstan in the northwest, Tajikistan in the southeast, Turkmenistan in the southwest, in the south, on a small piece - Afghanistan.

The state territory of Uzbekistan makes 447,4. 2. Mountains and foothills make approximately 1/5 Republic territories.

Uzbekistan is located in the big removal from oceans and other natural reservoirs. Therefore the climate here hot, dry, and sharply continental it is expressed in strong contrasts of day and night, summer and winter temperatures. The nature is droughty, an atmospheric precipitation drops out a little, and relative humidity of air is low. Day length makes approximately 15 hours, in the winter - not less than nine in the summer. The coldest month - January when the temperature in the north falls to 8 degrees of a frost and more low, and in the extreme south, in a city district of Termez, much warmer. An absolute minimum of winter temperatures is 35-38 degrees below zero.

The hottest month is July, and in mountain areas - July - August. The average temperature during this period on plains and foothills makes 25-30 degrees of heat, and in the south (Termez and Sherabad cities) it reaches 41-42 degrees. The maximum temperature of air has been registered in the city of Termez - 50 degrees (July, 1944).

On a large part of territory the annual amount of precipitation does not exceed 200-300 millimeters.

The largest rivers crossing territory of Republic - Amu Darya and Syrdarya originate out of its limits. Lakes are small, insignificant and extended to territories of Uzbekistan non-uniformly, the largest - Aral sea. For last 30 years level of Aral sea has gone down on 12-14 meters, coast have left on tens kilometers. Its water mirror has decreased five times.

Uzbekistan, together with the states of the Central Asia and with support of the international community, undertakes emergency measures on reducing negative consequences of this ecological accident.

Uzbekistan - the country of ancient culture and architecture. Architects of the East amazed with magnificence and beauty of the creations, travelers and the dealers following on the Great Silk way. Such cities as Samarkand, Bukhara, Khiva by right are named East Pearls. In Republic territory is over four thousand historical monuments.

Uzbekistan has well kept relics since Central Asia was the centre of Tamerlan Empire that also has coincided with training and trade development. Cities of modern Uzbekistan, including Samarkand, Bukhara, Khiva, Shahrizabz and Tashkent live in imagination of the West as symbols of east beauty and mystery.

Many cities located in territory of modern Uzbekistan in the ancient time have been located on the Great Silk Way, road between the East and the West on which caravans with the goods travelled. The road took the name from silk, the Chinese goods, in great demand in Europe during the Roman epoch. The favorable territorial arrangement of cities did their attractive to various conquerors. The territory of modern Uzbekistan has been won tens times by various conquerors, including Alexander the Great. Alexander the Great has based, at least, 8 cities in Central Asia in 334 - 323 years BC. Caravans began to go on the Silk Way later, in 138 AD when China has opened the borders for trade. Huns have come in intervals 484 - 1150 from the West, Turks and Arabs and the last have brought new religion - Islam. During this period in Samarkand, Bukhara and Khiva it has been constructed lot of Madrasahs and mosques the majority from which has been erected on time of board of Samanids dynasty. Many cities have been razed to the ground during intrusion of Chingizkhan in 1220. Later, grand conqueror Timur known in the West under a name of Tamerlan has revived destroyed cities, using slaves and the builders grasped during successful military campaigns. Tamerlan has won Persia, Bagdad, made military campaigns in Anatoly and India. A considerable quantity of the architectural constructions, being in Samarkand, has been constructed by Tamerlan and its grandson Ulugbek.

Samarkand - one of the most ancient cities in Uzbekistan and, was called in the middle of the first century BC as Marakanda, after Afrosiab. Samarkand was the capital of Sogd state, later the centre of great empire created by Tamerlan. Numerous monuments of Samarkand and its vicinities make huge impression upon visitors the beauty and greatness. The refined architectural forms, difficult patterns, a mosaic, domes and facades from a blue tile bewitch all who sees these magnificent constructions.

In Samarkand the magnificent samples of medieval architecture amazing with perfection of forms, riches of paints have remained.

Unique architectural monuments, unique skill of handicraftsmen, folk customs and holidays, secrets of east kitchen are given generously to the visitors by ancient Samarkand.

Settling of Bukhara in Uzbekistan concerns 8 century, within 200 years it was the centre of developing Islamic Kingdom and prospered as the trading and intellectual centre of Central Asia. During intrusion of Mongols it has been destroyed by Chingizhan in 1219. Subsequently to it the regional authorities, including descendants of Chingizhan, Turks and Uzbeks operated. In Bukhara there is a set of examples of fine Islamic architecture.

The most part of the centre of Bukhara is the architectural zones which basic parts are Madrasahs. Emir`s Castle  Ark (-I centuries) became now a museum. In front of the Arch is a mosque the Bolo-house - an official place of the emir for prayers, is constructed in 1718. On narrow small streets lengthways the Arch it is possible to come to the small area with a complex of column, which consists of Kalyan mosque (XVI century) - one of majestic structures of the Central Asia, containing to 10 thousand persons; madrasah the World-Arab - operating Islamic seminary and Kalyan minaret - a 47-metre tower (10 meters depth) which can be seen practically from any part of an old city. Madrasah is 850 years.

Khiva is known as a city a museum open-air. It exists about 900 years. But colonization development has occurred only in 19 century when it was last oasis where sold slaves in the north of Russia. Important spiritual and cultural values were introduced from the big centers of science such, as astronomy, mathematics and medicine which many centuries existed in this region back. It is possible to wander on narrow streets of Khiva, to look in small internal court yard through the wooden cut out doors. The life in gardens assures visitors that it not only a museum, but also and a live city.

In 1997 this city under the aegis of UNESCO celebrated the 2500 anniversary. The shape of modern Khiva is formed basically by architecture of the period of Khiva khanate of the end XVIII - the beginnings of the XX-th centuries. But archeological excavations conducted here show that in the basis of some rather "young" rests of buildings the ancient layers concerning to III and earlier centuries BC are lying.  

Though Tashkent, possibly, has been occupied for the first time about the first millennium of our era, written records date a city when it has been won by Arabs in 8 century BC Defeat in 13 century of Chingizhan and to its Mongolian armies has thrown Tashkent during an era of turmoil (disorder). Mongols have lost a city in 14th century when the Temurids Empire has grasped the control. The Temurids Empire operated a city till the end of 15 centuries. Today Tashkent - capital of Uzbekistan

For some years of independence the Uzbek capital has strongly changed. The considerable quantity of fountains decorates the areas, streets and parks. The central part of a city where buildings, keeping in national style is arranged especially well, look is modern and is respectable.

Visitors of capital, visiting markets, shops, souvenir stalls, museums or hospitable private houses, with pleasure will get acquainted with traditional national crafts, art of folklore collectives.

More safely in road! And you will see magnificent architectural constructions, will get acquainted with the picturesque nature, will feel a hot wind of deserts, and will see dazzling tops of mountains.


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